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About Agra - Uttar Pradesh Tourism

Agra, the city of Taj Mahal, is a well known tourism destination located on the banks of River Yamuna. Agra is the 3rd largest city in Uttar Pradesh and was the capital of India during the Mughal period. The city is the most prominent travel destination in India that is visited by tourists from all over the world. Agra is full of heritage buildings that stands as example of its glorious historical past. The city reached its peak during the reign of Mughal ruler Akbar, who developed the city as his capital. Agra became the center of art, culture and architecture under the rule of Mughals. 

Agra is part of the Golden triangle tourism circuit that includes Delhi and Jaipur as well. The proximity of Agra from Delhi (253 kms) brings high influx of travelers from National Capital region (NCR) on the weekends. The city is home to three UNESCO world heritage sites - Taj Mahal, Agra Fort and Fatehpur Sikri. The tourism infrastructure of the city is well developed with many world class hotels and resorts located here. Agra is also a shopper's delight with its wide range of exquisite handicrafts, leather products, jewellery, and ebroidery work. 

The main tourist attraction of Agra is the world famous Taj Mahal, which is the symbol of the immortal love of King Shahjahan and his queen Mumtaj. Taj Mahal is one of the new seven wonders of world, and was built in 20 years with the help of 22,000 workers. Agra has a multitude of heritage buildings from the Mughal era that keep tourists spellbounded with their sheer splendor. The most important ones among these are Fatehpur Sikri, Agra Fort, and Sikandra. Other attractions in the city are Itmad-ul-Daulah's tomb, Dayal Bagh temple, Chini ka Rauza, and Mariam tomb

History of Agra - Uttar Pradesh Tourism

Agra has found its mention in the famous Hindu epic Mahabharat as the forest of Agraban close to Mathura. Badal Singh founded the city of Agra in 1475. Sikandar Lodhi made Agra his capital city. Later, the Lodhis were defeated by Babar in the First battle of Panipat fought in 1526. Actually, the golden age of the Agra began with Mughals; the glory of Agra was at its peak during the reign of Akbar, Jehangir and Shah Jahan.

The Mughal's love of architecture translated into beautiful monuments of Agra city, such as Taj Mahal, Agra Fort, Fatehpur Sikri and Sikandra. Akbar made Agra the center of art, culture, commerce and learning and Shah Jahan saw it in full bloom. In 1558, Agra was known as Akbarabad; it is said that Akbar laid the foundation of the modern city. Most of the historical monuments of Agra belong to the period between mid-16th century and 17th century and were built in the typical Mughal style. In 1835 when the Presidency of Agra was established by the British, the city became the seat of government.

Agra is the birth place of the religion known as Din-i Ilahi, which flourished during the reign of Akbar and also of the Radhaswami Faith, which has around two million followers worldwide. Agra has historic linkages with Shauripur of Jainism and Runukta of Hinduism, of 1000 BC. Agra has three UNESCO World Heritage Sites-Taj Mahal, Agra Fort and Fatehpur Sikri.

   

Uttar Pradesh - Places to Visit

   
   
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