Bharatpur Tourism, Rajasthan

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About Bharatpur - Rajasthan Tourism

Bharatpur, a small town in the Indian state of Rajasthan, is considered as the Eastern Gateway to Rajasthan. The region of Bharatpur is located about 55 km west of Agra, 35 km from Mathura and about 185 km from Delhi. This region is popular among tourists for the Bharatpur wildlife sanctuary with wide species of birds as its main attraction. Travelers visit Bharatpur as a weekend getaway due to its easy access from Delhi, Agra and Jaipur. 

The town of Bharatpur was founded by Maharaja Suraj Mal in 1733. It was the capital of Jat kingdom ruled by Sinsinwar Maharajas. The town of Bharatpur was named after Lord Rama's brother, Bharat, who was worshipped by royal family here. 

Bharatpur is well known national park that is home to more than 300 species of birds, along with the seasonal migratory birds that visit the region from Siberia, Europe and Tibet. This wildlife national park has been declared as a UNESCO world hertiage site and is spread in an area of about 30 sq. km. Thousands of tourists, especially bird watchers visit Bharatpur to watch the beautiful varieties of birds here that come here in the seek of seasonal habitat. The national park of Bharatpur is known as Keoladeo Ghana national park, which is known for the Siberian Crane that come here to spend the winters. 

There are also some majestic monuments here that are a must visit for tourists. The main fort in Bharatpur is the Lohagarh fort which has multiple architectural masterpieces including Kishori mahal, Mahal Khas and Kothi Khas. Another important tourist attraction here is the Bharatpur palace, which is an excellent monument with a mix of Rajput and Mughal architecture. Travellers must also visit Deeg from here, which was the summer resort of Maharajas of Bharatpur, and is known for its majestic forts and palaces. 

The best time to visit Bharatpur is during the month of June and July, when the migratory birds visit the region. The summer here are very hot as the area is close to the desert region. 

History of Bharatpur - Rajasthan Tourism

Bharatpur was once a part of the Matsya Desh of past era. As per mythological belief, the Pandava brothers were supposed to have spent their 13th year of exile here about 3500 years back. But as per historical findings, Bharatpur came in existence much later, in the late 17th century. It was the premier Jat State of Rajasthan.

Badan Singh established and founded the fort and palaces of Deeg in 1725. Seven years later, his son- Suraj Mal- laid the foundation nearby of the fort of Bharatpur. Suraj Mal was ambitious; he regularly raided the cities of Agra and Delhi. Under his leadership, the Jats were able to hold Agra for 13 years. They even marched on to Delhi in 1763, but the Mughals managed to kill Suraj Mal. After the death of Suraj Mal, his son Jawahar Singh took the charge of the state. In the meantime the British (East India Company) tried to gain ground with these powerful Jats. With their long term plans, they were soon pushing their way into Bharatpur Fort and successfully captured it in 1825.

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