Chandigarh Tourism, Punjab

Chandigarh Tourism

About Chandigarh - Punjab Tourism

Chandigarh, the capital city of the states of Punjab and Haryana, and a Union Territory, is one of the best planned city in India. The city is famous among travellers for its architecture and quality of life. Chandigarh has been planned in a manner that all the sectors are built in identical rectangular patterns. The city is an architecture masterpiece with wide well planned avenues lined with trees. The city has around 47 sectors with each sector having its own shopping complex, hospital, school etc. The city is one of the richest cities in India with very high per capita income.

The city of Chandigarh is visited by large number of tourists for its green parks and theme gardens. The city is also the starting point for tourists visiting the nearby city of Himachal Pradesh like Shimla. The city is a paradise for nature lovers with the presence of beautiful parks and gardens. One of the main tourist attraction in Chandigarh is the Sukhna Lake that is located in the middle of city providing a perfect picnic spot to travellers. The main parks in the city are leisure valley - with a set of theme parks and gardens; Rose Garden - with 1600 species of roses; Rock Garden - made out of rubble and waste material. Chandigarh also has lot to offer to adventure tourists with trekking options at Kansal & Nepli forest and adventure camping at the Hidden valley on foothills of Shivalik mountain range. There are also multiple museums in the city that are worth a visit including Government Museum, City Museum, Museum of Evolution of life and International Dolls Museum

History of Chandigarh - Punjab Tourism


Chandigarh, the face of modern India, is the manifestation of a dream that Pt. Jawahar Lal Nehru envisaged and Le Corbusier executed. Prior to the partition of India, Lahore was the capital city of undivided Punjab. But, after the partition, West Punjab gone in Pakistan with retaining Lahore as its capital and East Punjab in India became a state without a capital. At that time, Shimla, the summer capital of India, was selected as the temporary capital of Punjab and the Government of Punjab started efforts to select permanent Capital City for the state of Punjab. Mr. P.L. Verma, brilliant young engineer, had been appointed for this task.

People of Punjab wanted a city similar to Lahore be built as a new capital, while bureaucrats and politicians were in favor of a small settlement attached to one of the existing towns. Finally in March 1948, by lobbying with the bureaucrats and the politicians, the Government of Punjab with the consent of Government of India approved a 114.59 sq. km tract of land at the foot of the Shivalik Hills in Ropar district as the site of the new capital. An existing village gave its name- ‘Chandigarh’ to the new city that means-‘fortress of Goddess of Power’ (Chandi - Goddess of Power + garh - fortress).

After the site was finalized, a master plan for the city was prepared by an American team (Mayor, Whittleslay, Glass & Nowicki). The project faced a setback with the sudden demise of Nowicki. It was then that the other teammates refused to work on the project. The committee was again handed over the task of finding a team for completion of the project. In the year 1951, the well-known French architect, named Le Corbusier, took the charge of giving the city a modern look. He and his team turned Chandigarh into a well-planned capital city of Punjab, India.

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