Jodhpur Tourism, Rajasthan

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About Jodhpur - Rajasthan Tourism

Jodhpur, the second largest city in Indian state of Rajasthan, is a highly popular tourist destination in India. This historical city is also known by the names of 'Sun city' and 'Blue city'. These names have been given to Jodhpur for being bright and sunny all around the year and for having the whole of old town painted blue around the Mehrangarh Fort. The city of Jodhpur is located on the edge of Thar desert, at a distance of 335 km from Jaipur, capital of Rajasthan. This city is counted as one of the cleanest cities in the state of Rajasthan. 

Jodhpur is constituted of two parts, the old walled city, which is surrounded by the 10 km fort wall and the new city which is outside this wall. The new city and old city are connected by eight gates. This 'Sun city' was founded by the Rajput ruler, Rao Jodha, in the year 1459 and is named after him. In the historical times, the region was known as the Mewar region. 

Jodhpur, is visited by thousands of domestic and international tourists that come here to visit the royal forts and palaces that still hold the historical grandeur in them. The distance of Jodhpur from Jaisalmer and Bikaner also makes it perfect for travellers to plan these 3 destinations in a single trip. The main tourist attractions in Jodhpur are Mehrangarh fort, Jaswant Thada, Umaid Bhavan Palace and Rai ka Bag palace. Mehrangarh fort is a mesmerizing structure that is mammoth in size situated on a rocky ridge. Other must visit places for travellers here are the government museum and the beautiful Umaid garden.  

Jodhpur is home to a very vibrant culture and traditions that are representative of the rich history of this region. Travellers will enjoy the food, music and art this city, which is very unique to this region. The city is also known for its Rajasthani cuisines, along with the 'Jodhpuri sweets' that are famous all over India. Jodhpur is also famous for celebrity weddings including the Hollywood celebrities. The city has been part of many English and Hindi movies, along with TVCs and documentaries. There are also some popular festivals in Jodhpur including the Marwar festival, Gangaur, Teej, and Nag Panchami festival. 

History of Jodhpur - Rajasthan Tourism

Jodhpur is a historic city that was formerly known as Marwar. The city was founded in 1459 by Rao Jodha, a Rajput chief of the Rathore clan. Ruled by a powerful Bargujar King, Jodhpur was part of the Gurjara - Pratihara Empire until 1100 CE. The Rathores were driven out of their original homeland, Kaunaj, by Afghans.

They fled to Pali, near to the present day Jodhpur and established themselves. Initially, Mandore served as their capital, but by 1459, Rao Jodha founded Jodhpur for the security reasons and shifted their capital to Jodhpur. The Rathores enjoyed good relations with all the Mughals, except Aurangzeb. After Aurangzeb's death, Maharaja Ajit Singh drove out Mughals from Ajmer and added it to Marwar (now Jodhpur). Under the reign of Maharaja Umed Singh, Jodhpur grew into a fine modern city.

British entered into the state in 1818. During the British Raj, the state of Jodhpur was the largest (by land area) in Rajputana. In 1947, after independence, the state merged into the union of India and Jodhpur became the second city of Rajasthan under State Reorganization Act, 1956.

   
   
   
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