Mount Abu Tourism, Rajasthan

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About Mount Abu - Rajasthan Tourism

Mount Abu is a popular hill station in Rajasthan located in the lush green surroundings of Aravalli Hills. Earlier known as Arbudaanchal, Mount Abu is located in the Sihori district (58 km from Palanpur) on the highest peak of Aravalli hills, close to the border of Gujarat and Rajasthan. Located at an elevation of 1220 meters, it is the only hill station in Rajasthan, famous among tourists for its natural scenic beauty and world famous Dilwara Jain Temples. This place is popular among tourists for its cool weather, scenic hills and lakes, and its forests and wild life sanctuary. 

Mount Abu has been a popular retreat for tourists from the state of Rajasthan and Gujarat who visit this place to get away from the local heat. This scenic hill station has a lot to offer to travellers starting from lakes, parks, waterfalls, forests, historical buildings and temples. There are also some popular temples in Mount Abu that are must visit for tourists including the Dilwara Jain temples, Adhar Devi temple, and Shri Raghunathji temple. The Dilwara Jain temples are very beautiful 11th to 13th century temples that are carved out of White marbles. Another important tourist attraction near Mount Abu is Achalgarh Fort, which was built in 14th century by Rana Kumbha of Mewar. Nakki lake is also a popular spot here that is located at the center of this town, with options of boating and water rides. Travellers shall also visit the 'Mount Abu Wildlife Sanctuary', which was established in the year 1960 covering an area around 300 sq. km. 

According to the legends, Mount Abu was also the home of many saints and sages in ancient times. It is believed to be home to 33 crore Gods and Goddess. The name Abu means son of Himalayas (or Ar-Booda, "the hill of wisdom"), and it is believed that Abu derives its name from Arbuada - the powerful serpent, which rescued Nandi the sacred bull of Lord Shiva.

History of Mount Abu - Rajasthan Tourism

Historians believe that the original residents of Mount Abu were Gurjars. These Gurjars migrated from Arbuda mountain region as early as sixth century A.D and set up themselves in many parts of Rajasthan and Gujarat. During the British rule in India, Mount Abu was leased by the East-India Company from the Maharaja of Sirohi and used as a sanatorium for troops.

Mythology says that there is a mention of the region called ‘Arbudaranya’ ("forest of Arbhu") in the Puranas, and 'Abu' is supposed to be a tiny form of this ancient name. As per mythological belief, Mount Abu is believed to be the place where sage Vasishtha retired due to his differences with sage Vishvamitra. Another legend is related to a serpent named "Arbuda" who saved the life of Nandi - Lord Shiva's bull. The mountain, where the incident was happened, was called "Arbudaranya; after this incident ‘Arbudaranya’ gradually became Abu. Mount Abu used to be the home of many saints and sages (including Jain Thirthankaras) in the old times. Lord Mahavir, the 24th Jain Tirthankar was also believed to be visited Mount Abu and blessed the city.

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