Pathankot Tourism, Punjab

Pathankot Tourism

About Pathankot - Punjab Tourism

Pathankot, a small city of Gurdaspur district in the state of Punjab, was part of the princely state of Nurpur (now in Himachal Pradesh). The city is located in the Northern region of India and on the East side of Pakistan. Spread over an area of 22.10 sq. km, Pathankot is the gateway that connects the state of Jammu and Kashmir to the rest of the country. Being a meeting point of Punjab, Himachal Pradesh and Jammu & Kashmir states, Pathankot serves as a travel hub for the three northerly states.

Famous for its shawl & Loi weaving industry, Pathankot is the fifth largest city (in terms of population) of the state of Punjab. Apart from being the largest military base not only of India but whole of Asia, the city is also known for its picturesque surroundings and pleasant atmosphere and impresses both domestic and global tourists. Pathankot is bordered by the foothills of Himachal Pradesh, Kangra and Dalhousie from its south and east boundaries, and by the snow capped Himalayas from its north side.

Due to its ideal location, the city is often used as a rest-stop by travellers before heading into the mountains of Jammu and Kashmir, Dalhousie, Chamba, and Kangra, and deep into the Himalayas. Situated at the foothills and near the head of Bari Doab canal, it is one of the fertile regions of the state of Punjab which is supported by Ravi and Chakki rivers. This city is famous for Litchis; apples are also available in its season.

One of the main tourist attraction of Pathankot is the Ranjit Sagar Dam, which is the highest gravity dam in Asian subcontinent. Other important tourist attractions in Pathankot are Nagni temple and Mukteshwar temple, and the Nurpur Fort and Shahpur Kandi fort

History of Pathankot - Punjab Tourism

Pathankot has a rich historical past coming under the reign of many rulers from time to time. During 17 th century, Pathankot was ruled upon by Rajput rulers. History says that the city was part of the princely state of Nurpur (now in Himachal Pradesh) which was established by Jatpal alias Rana Bhet, a Taur Rajput from Delhi. Till 1781, the territory was also ruled over by a Muslim descendant of the Rajas of Nurpur- Sayed Khan.

Some believe it was a settlement of Pathans during the medieval Times. However, the name Pathankot literally stands for ‘Fort of Pathans’ and had been derived from the migration and settlement of Pathans during medieval times. When the Ghilzai tribe of the Pathans in Afghanistan grew in power, the other Pathan tribes moved further south of Afghanistan into India. At that time Afghan tribes including the Marwat, Yusufzai, Khattak and many other Pathan tribes moved into the Punjab and settled into places like Pathankot. 

Today, Pathankot has become a major commercial hub of Punjab. Due to its prime location, Pathankot serves as a base for the defense forces - Indian Army and Indian Air Force. Pathankot is also home to Mamoon Cantonment, the largest military station in Asia.

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