Patiala Tourism, Punjab

Patiala Tourism

About Patiala - Punjab Tourism

Patiala is one of the well known princely cities of erstwhile Punjab located in the Malwa region. Formerly known as ‘Ala De Patti’ (means ‘Pati (land) of Baba Ala Singh’), Patiala was founded by the venerable saint - Baba Ala Singh around the year 1763 with the construction of Qila Mubarak at the center of city. Spread over an area of 3625 sq km, the city is surrounded by Ambala and Kurukshetra in the east, Sangrur district in the west, Fatehgarh Sahib, Rupnagar and Chandigarh in the north, and Kaithal district in the South.

Located on the eastern branch of the Sirhind Canal, Patiala, a city of royal heritage and rich tradition, is famous among tourists for its grand fort, magnificent palaces and museums. The main tourist attractions in the city are its magnificent forts and palaces, with the major ones being Qila Mubarak, Moti Bagh palace, Qila Androon, Sheesh Mahal, and Rajinder Kothi. Another must visit tourist attraction in Patiala is the Lachman Jhoola, which is a suspension bridge over a lake built near Sheesh Mahal. Travellers should also visit Gurudwara Dukhniwaran Sahib, which is famous among pilgrims as pain reliever. 

The river Ghaggar is the most important water channel of the district. Patiala has the proud distinction of having the National Institute of sports (NIS). Many administrative head offices of Punjab state like Punjab State Electricity Board, PWD, Public Service Commission, Punjab State Archives and Income Tax Department have been established in Patiala. The city is a major trade centre for grain, cotton handicrafts, hardware, electric goods, textiles, shoes etc. as it has a well-developed infrastructure, which connects the place with different parts of the country.

History of Patiala - Punjab Tourism

In 1763, Baba Ala Singh laid the foundation of the Patiala fort known as Qila Mubarak, around which the present city of Patiala is built. Though historians have tried to trace the origin of Patiala to Rig Vedic literature, the town, as it stands today, was founded by Baba Ala Singh.

The city was the capital of the princely state of Patiala from 1763 to 1948. It was also the capital of the Patiala and East Punjab State Union from 1948 to 1956. Maharaja Bhupinder Singh (1900-1930) gave Patiala region a prominent place in the political map of India. Most of the buildings with commendable architectural designs were constructed during his reign. Under the rule of fourth Maharaja Narinder Singh (1845-1862), the city reached its height of development; it was during his time that Moti Bagh Palace, Sheesh Mahal, and Banasur Bagh were constructed followed by Baradari Palace.

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