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About Srirangapatna - Karnataka Tourism

Srirangapatna is a historic city, located about 13 kms from Mysore with huge cultural, religious and historical heritage. The city of Srirangapatna has a plethora of tourist attractions starting from magnificent forts and palaces, that stand as testimony to the glorious days of bygone era. There are several monuments in the town that testify of the grandeur of the rule of great king Tipu Sultan. Srirangapatna is equally loved by history lovers and pilgrims. 

The city is named after the presiding deity Sri Ranganatha Swamy, and Sri Ranganatha swamy  temple is a popular tourist attraction here. The town of Srirangapatna looks like an island surrounded by Cauvery river. The city holds an important place in the freedom struggle of India, as it was the capital of the warrior kings Hyder Ali and his son Tipu Sultan – the tiger of Mysore. Srirangapatna is also famous for the battle of 1799, when the British defeated Tipu Sultan by partnering with the forces of Nizam of Hyderabad. This battle was the fourth and last one of the series of Anglo-Mysore wars. The British rampaged the city after winning the battle and most of Tipu Sultan's personal belongings were shipped to England. 

The main historical tourist attractions of the city are Srirangapatna fort - a magnificent fort built in indo-islamic style; Daria Daulat Bagh - the summer palace of Tipu Sultan; Tipu's place of death; and colonel Bailey's dungeon. There are also many religious attractions in Srirangapatna that are frequented by travellers from surrounding regions. The main ones among these are Sri Ranganathaswamy temple, Nimishambha temple, and Jamia Masjid. The city also has plenty to provide bird lovers as the town is close to the Ranganthittu bird sanctuary, which is home to some of the most exquisite birds. 

The Kauveri river in the region is also considered to be holy and Hindu pilgrims perform last rites of dead here. Another important religious attraction here is the Sangam, which is the meeting point of three rivers Kauveri, Cabini and Hemavati. Travellers can also visit the Shivanasamudra waterfalls, which is located about 27 kms from Srirangapatna, and is considered to be the second largest waterfall in India. 

Srirangapatna History - Karnataka Tourism

History of Srirangapatna dates back to 9th century, when it was part of the Ganga dynasty. The city gained prominence under the rule of Vijayanagar empire. The city was later overtaken by Wodeyar kings with the fall of Vijayanagar empire. The Fort of Srirangapatna had huge tactical importance due to its proximity to Mysore and was the last bastion and defence of the kingdom in case of invasion. Srirangapatna later came under the rule of Hyder Ali and Tipu Sultan, when they defeated Wodeyar kings and overtook the empire. 

Under the rule of Hyder Ali and Tipu Sultan, Srirangapatna became the capital and flourished as the cosmopolitan city of this powerful state. The final battle of 1979 between Tipu Sultan's forces and the combined forces of Nizam of Hyderabad and British, took place in Srirangapatna and Tipu Sultan died in the battle.

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